Berger, S. A., Talbot, A., and Yao, L.-S., 1983, “Flow in Curved Pipes,” Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech., 15, pp. 461–512.

[CrossRef]Zhang, P., Roberts, R. M., and Bénard, A., 2012, “Computational Guidelines and an Empirical Model for Particle Deposition in Curved Pipes Using an Eulerian-Lagrangian Approach,” J. Aerosol Sci., 53, pp. 1–20.

[CrossRef]Azzopardi, B. J., 1985, “Drop Sizes in Annular Two-phase Flow,” Exper. Fluid., 3, pp. 53–59.

[CrossRef]Fitzsimmons, D. E., 1964, “Two-Phase Pressure Drop in Piping Components,” HW-80970, Rev. 1, General Electric Hanford Laboratories, Richland, OH.

Hart, J., Ellenberger, J., and Hamersma, P. J., 1988, “Single- and Two-Phase Flow Through Helically Coiled Tubes,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 43, pp. 775–783.

[CrossRef]Hewitt, G. F., and Robertson, D. N., 1969, “Studies of Two-phase Flow Patterns by Simultaneous X-ray and Flash Photography,” UKAEA, Harwell, Report AERE-M2159.

Hoang, K., and Davis, M. R., 1984, “Flow Structure and Pressure Loss for Two-Phase Flow in Return Bends,” ASME J. Fluid Eng., 106, pp. 30–37.

[CrossRef]Guo, T., Wang, T., and Gaddis, J. L., 2000, “Mist/Steam Cooling in a 180-Degree Tube Bend,” ASME J. Heat Transf., 122, pp. 749–756.

[CrossRef]Breuer, M., Baytekin, H. T., and Matida, E. A., 2006, “Prediction of Aerosol Deposition in 90° Bends Using LES and an Efficient Lagrangian Tracking Method,” J. Aerosol Sci., 37, pp. 1407–1428.

[CrossRef]Berrouk, A. B., and Laurence, D., 2008, “Stochastic Modeling of Aerosol Deposition for LES of 90° Bend Turbulent Flow,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 29, pp. 1010–1028.

[CrossRef]Matida, E. A., Finlay, W. H., Lange, C. F., and Grgic, B., 2004, “Improved Numerical Simulation of Aerosol Deposition in an Idealized Mouth-Throat,” J. Aerosol Sci., 35, pp. 1–19.

[CrossRef]McFarland, R. A., Gong, H., Muyshondt, A., Wente, W. B., and Anand, N. K., 1997, “Aerosol Deposition in Bends With Turbulent Flow,” Env. Sci. Tech., 31, pp. 3371–3377.

[CrossRef]Pui, D. Y. H., Romay-Novas, F., and Liu, B. Y. H., 1987, “Experimental Study of Particle Deposition in Bends of Circular Cross Section,” Aerosol Sci. Tech., 7, pp. 301–315.

[CrossRef]Longest, P. W., and Xi, J., 2007, “Effectiveness of Direct Lagrangian Tracking Models for Simulating Nanoparticle Deposition in the Upper Airways,” Aerosol Sci. Tech., 41, pp. 380–397.

[CrossRef]Alipchenkov, V. M., Nigmatulin, R. I., Soloviev, S. L., Stonik, O. G., Zaichik, L. I., and Zeigarnik, Y. A., 2004, “A Three-Fluid Model of Two-Phase Dispersed-Annular Flow,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 47, pp. 5323–5338.

[CrossRef]Terekhov, V. I., and Pakhomov, M. A., 2009, “Film-Cooling Enhancement of the Mist Vertical Wall Jet on the Cylindrical Channel Surface With Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Heat Transf., 131(6), p. 062201.

[CrossRef]Terekhov, V. I., and Pakhomov, M. A., 2009, “Predictions of Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer in Gas-Droplets Flow Downstream of a Sudden Pipe Expansion,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 52, pp. 4711–4721.

[CrossRef]Manninen, M., Taivassalo, V., Kallio, S., and Akademi, Å., 1996, “On the Mixture Model for Multiphase Flow,” VTT Publication, 288, pp. 3–67. Available at

http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/publications/1996/P288.pdfLongest, P. W., and Oldham, M. J., 2008, “Numerical and Experimental Deposition of Fine Respiratory Aerosols: Development of a Two-phase Drift Flux Model With Near-Wall Velocity Corrections,” J. Aerosol Sci., 39, pp. 48–70.

[CrossRef]Wang, J. B., and Lai, A. C. K., 2005, “A New Drift-Flux Model for Particle Transport and Deposition in Human Airways,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 128, pp. 97–105.

[CrossRef]Hossain, A., Naser, J., and Imteaz, M., 2011, “CFD Investigation of Particle Deposition in a Horizontal Looped Turbulent Pipe Flow,” Env. Mod. Assess., 16, pp. 359–367.

[CrossRef]Ishii, M., 1975, *Thermo-Fluid Dynamic Theory of Two-Phase Flow*, Eyrolles, Paris.

Shih, T.-H., Liou, W. W., Shabbir, A., Yang, Z., and Zhu, J., 1995, “A New Eddy-Viscosity Model for High Reynolds Number Turbulent Flows-Model Development and Validation,” Comput. Fluid., 24, pp. 227–238.

[CrossRef]Boussinesq, J., 1877, “Essai Sur La Théorie Des Eaux Courantes, Mémoires Présentés par Divers Savants à l'Acad,” des Sci. Inst. Nat. France, XXIII, pp. 1–680.

Pourahmadi, F., 1982, “Turbulence Modeling of Single- and Two-Phase Curved-Channel Flows,” Ph.D. thesis, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

Launder, B. E., and Spalding, D. B., 1974, “The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows,” Comput. Meth. Appl. Mech. Eng., 3, pp. 269–289.

[CrossRef]Kim, S.-E., and Choudhury, D., 1995, “A Near-Wall Treatment Using Wall Functions Sensitized to Pressure Gradient,” ASME Separated and Complex Flows, 217, pp. 273–280.

Zhang, P., Gros, Y., Roberts, R. M., and Bénard, A., 2010, “Modeling of Turbulent Flow with Particle Deposition in Curved Pipes,” 7th International Conference on Multiphase Flow, Tampa, FL.

Wolfshtein, M., 1969, “The Velocity and Temperature Distribution of One-Dimensional Flow With Turbulence Augmentation and Pressure Gradient,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 12, pp. 301–318.

[CrossRef]Patankar, S. V., and Spalding, D. B., 1972, “A Calculation Procedure for Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer in Three-Dimensional Parabolic Flows” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 15, pp. 1787–1806.

[CrossRef]2009, Ansys Fluent 12—Theory Guide.

Perng, C. Y., and Street, R. L., 1989, “Three-Dimensional Unsteady Flow Simulations: Alternative Strategies for a Volume-Averaged Calculation,” Int. J. Num. Meth. Fluid., 9, pp. 341–362.

[CrossRef]Banerjee, S., Rhodes, E., and Scott, D. S., 1967, “Film Inversion of Concurrent Two-Phase Flow in Helical Coils,” Am. Inst. Chem. Eng., 13, pp. 189–191.

[CrossRef]Sookprasong, P., 1980, “Two-Phase Flow in Piping Components,” M.Sc. thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.

Norstebo, A., 1985, “Pressure Drop in Pipe Components in Two-Phase Gas-liquid Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, The Norwegian Institute of Technology, NTH, Division of R, Trondheim, Norway.

Mandal, S. N., and Das, S. K., 2001, “Pressure Losses in Bends During Two-Phase Gas-Newtonian Liquid Flow,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 40, pp. 2340–2351.

[CrossRef]Lockhart, R. W., and Martinelli, R. C., 1949, “Proposed Correlation of Data for Isothermal Two-Phase Flow, Two-Component Flow in Pipes,” Chem. Eng. Prog., 45, pp. 39–45. Available at

http://dns2.asia.edu.tw/~ysho/YSHO-english/1000%20CE/PDF/Che%20Eng%20Pro45,%2039.pdfPaliwoda, A., 1992, “Generalized Method of Pressure Drop Calculation Across Pipe Components of Refrigerants,” Int. J. Refrig., 15, pp. 119–125.

[CrossRef]Chisholm, D., 1971, “Prediction of Pressure Drop at Pipe Fittings During Two-phase Flow,” 13th International Congress of Refrigeration, 2, pp. 781–789.

Azzi, A., Friedel, L., and Belaadi, S., 2000, “Two-Phase Gas/Liquid Flow Pressure Loss in Bends,” Forschung im Ingenieurwesen, 65, pp. 309–318.

[CrossRef]Cunningham, E., 1910, “On the Velocity of Steady Fall of Spherical Particles Through Fluid Medium,” Proc. Royal Soc., 83, pp. 357–365.

[CrossRef]Johansen, S. T., Anderson, N. M., and de Silva, S. R., 1990, “A Two-Phase Model for Particle Local Equilibrium Applied to Air Classification of Powers,” Power Tech., 63, pp. 121–132.

[CrossRef]Picart, A., Berlemont, A., and Gouesbet, G., 1986, “Modeling and Predicting Turbulence Fields and the Dispersion of Discrete Particles Transported by Turbulent Flows,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow, 12, pp. 237–261.

[CrossRef]Schiller, L., and Naumann, Z., 1935, “A Drag Coefficient Correlation” Z. Ver Deutsch Ing., 77, pp. 318–327.