Research Papers: Multiphase Flows

Study of Characteristics of Cloud Cavity Around Axisymmetric Projectile by Large Eddy Simulation

[+] Author and Article Information
Xianxian Yu, Chenguang Huang, Tezhuan Du, Lijuan Liao, Xiaocui Wu

Key Laboratory for Mechanics in Fluid
Solid Coupling Systems,
Institute of Mechanics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
No. 15 of Beisihuanxi Road,
Beijing 100190, China

Zhi Zheng

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
Lanzhou University of Technology,
Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China

Yiwei Wang

Key Laboratory for Mechanics in Fluid
Solid Coupling Systems,
Institute of Mechanics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
No. 15 of Beisihuanxi Road,
Beijing 100190, China
e-mail: wangyw@imech.ac.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received April 3, 2013; final manuscript received January 14, 2014; published online March 17, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Olivier Coutier-Delgosha.

J. Fluids Eng 136(5), 051303 (Mar 17, 2014) (8 pages) Paper No: FE-13-1216; doi: 10.1115/1.4026583 History: Received April 03, 2013; Revised January 14, 2014

Cavitation generally occurs where the pressure is lower than the saturated vapor pressure. Based on large eddy simulation (LES) methodology, an approach is developed to simulate dynamic behaviors of cavitation, using k-μ transport equation for subgrid terms combined with volume of fluid (VOF) description of cavitation and the Kunz model for mass transfer. The computation model is applied in a 3D field with an axisymmetric projectile at cavitation number σ = 0.58. Evolution of cavitation in simulation is consistent with the experiment. Clear understanding about cavitation can be obtained from the simulation in which many details and mechanisms are present. The phenomenon of boundary separation and re-entry jet are observed. Re-entry jet plays an important role in the bubble shedding.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Franc, J. P., and Michel, J. M., 2004, Fundamentals of Cavitation, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Seo, J. H., Moon, Y. J., and Shin, B. R., 2008, “Prediction of Cavitating Flow Noise by Direct Numerical Simulations,” J. Comput. Phys., 227, pp. 6511–6531. [CrossRef]
Plesset, M. S., and ProsperettiA., 1977, “Bubble Dynamics and Cavitation,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 9, pp. 145–185. [CrossRef]
Singhal, A. K., Athavale, M. M., Li, H., and Jiang, Y., 2002, “Mathematical Basis and Validation of the Full Cavitation Model,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 124, pp. 617–624. [CrossRef]
Dular, M., Bachert, R., Stoffel, B., and Širok, B., 2005, “Experimental Evaluation of Numerical Simulation of Cavitating Flow Around Hydrofoil,” Eur. J. Mech.- B/Fluids, 24, pp. 522–538. [CrossRef]
Huang, B., Wang, G. Y., Zhang, B., and Yu, Z., 2009, “Evaluation of the Cavitation Models on the Numerical Simulation of Cloud Cavitating Flows Around a Hydrofoil,” Trans. Beijing Inst. Technol., 29, pp. 785–789.
Ji, B., Luo, X. W., Peng, X. X., Wu, Y. L., and Xu, H. Y., 2010, “Numerical Analysis for Three Dimensional Unsteady Cavitation Shedding Structure Over a Twisted Hydrofoil,” Chin. J. Hydrodyn., 25, pp. 217–223. [CrossRef]
Bensow, R. E., and Bark, G. R., 2010, “Implicit LES Predictions of the Cavitating Flow on a Propeller,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 132, p. 041302. [CrossRef]
Bensow, R. E., and Bark, G., 2010, “Simulating Cavitating Flows With LES in OpenFOAM,” V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics.
Wang, G., and Ostoja-Starzewski, M., 2007, “Large Eddy Simulation of a Sheet/Cloud Cavitation on a NACA0015 Hydrofoil,” Appl. Math. Model., 31, pp. 417–447. [CrossRef]
Passandideh Fard, M., and Roohi, E., 2008, “Transient Simulations of Cavitating Flows Using a Modified Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) Technique,” Int. J. Comput. Fluid Dyn., 22(1-2), pp. 97–114. [CrossRef]
Fox, R. O., 2012, “Large-Eddy-Simulation Tools for Multiphase Flows,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 44(1), pp. 47–76. [CrossRef]
Kunz, R. F., Boger, D. A., Stinebring, D. R., Chyczewski, T. S., Lindau, J. W., Gibeling, H. J., Venkateswaran, S., and Govindan, T. R., 2000, “A Preconditioned Navier–Stokes Method for Two-Phase Flows With Application to Cavitation Prediction,” Comp. Fluids, 29, pp. 849–875. [CrossRef]
Liu, D. M., Liu, S. H., Wu, Y. L., and Xu, H. Y., 2009, “LES Numerical Simulation of Cavitation Bubble Shedding on ALE 25 and ALE 15 Hydrofoils,” J. Hydrodyn., 21, pp. 807–813. [CrossRef]
Wei, Y. P., Wang, Y. W., Fang, X., Huang, C. G., and Duan, Z. P., 2011, “A Scaled Underwater Launch System Accomplished by Stress Wave Propagation Technique,” Chin. Phys. Lett., 28, p. 024601. [CrossRef]
De Lange, D. F., and De Bruin, G. J., 1997, “Sheet Cavitation and Cloud Cavitation, Re-entrant Jet and Three-dimensionality,” Fascination of Fluid Dynamics, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 91–114.
Sayyaadi, H., 2010, “Instability of the Cavitating Flow in a Venturi Reactor,” Fluid Dyn. Res., 42, p. 055503. [CrossRef]
Stutz, B., and Reboud, J., 1997, “Experiments on Unsteady Cavitation,” Exp. Fluids, 22, pp. 191–198. [CrossRef]
Callenaere, M., Franc, J. P., Michel, J. M., and Riondet, M., 2001, “The Cavitation Instability Induced by the Development of a Re-entrant Jet,” J. Fluid Mech., 444, pp. 223–256. [CrossRef]
Dular, M., Khlifa, I., Fuzier, S., Maiga, M. A., and Coutier-Delgosha, O., 2012, “Scale Effect on Unsteady Cloud Cavitation,” Exp. Fluids, 53, pp. 1233–1250. [CrossRef]
Stutz, B., and Legoupil, S., 2003, “X-ray Measurements Within Unsteady Cavitation,” Exp. Fluids, 35, pp. 130–138. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Computational model and domain

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Computational mesh

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Underwater launch system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Projectile model in water tank

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Length of cavity in experimental picture at t = 11.0 ms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Evolution of cloud cavitation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Numerical and experimental results of cavity length

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Flow field of cavity closure at t = 1.0 ms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Re-entry jet at the cavity closure at t = 2.0 ms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Separation of boundary layer at t = 2.0 ms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

The transparent cavity before re-entrant jet formed at t = 2.2 ms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Re-entrant jet in experiment

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Re-entrant jet in simulation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Numerical and experimental l/L

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Evolution of shedding bubble

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Collapse of shedding bubble in simulation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Collapse of shedding bubble in experiment



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In