Research Papers: Flows in Complex Systems

Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of the Flow Field in Pump Intakes—A New Approach

[+] Author and Article Information
Andreas Schneider

Chair of Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machinery
Department of Mechanical
and Process Engineering,
Technische Universität Kaiserslautern,
Gottlieb Daimler Straße,
Kaiserslautern 67663, Germany
e-mail: andreas.schneider@mv.uni-kl.de

Daniel Conrad

Chair of Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machinery
Department of Mechanical
and Process Engineering,
Technische Universität Kaiserslautern,
Gottlieb Daimler Straße,
Kaiserslautern 67663, Germany
e-mail: daniel.conrad@mv.uni-kl.de

Martin Böhle

Chair of Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machinery
Department of Mechanical
and Process Engineering,
Technische Universität Kaiserslautern,
Gottlieb Daimler Straße,
Kaiserslautern 67663, Germany
e-mail: martin.boehle@mv.uni-kl.de

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received September 12, 2013; final manuscript received October 7, 2014; published online December 3, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Zhongquan Charlie Zheng.

J. Fluids Eng 137(3), 031105 (Mar 01, 2015) (10 pages) Paper No: FE-13-1549; doi: 10.1115/1.4028777 History: Received September 12, 2013; Revised October 07, 2014; Online December 03, 2014

In recent years, lattice Boltzmann methods (LBMs) have become popular for solving fluid flow problems of engineering interest. Reasons for this popularity are due to the advantages of this method, which are, for example, the simplicity to handle complex geometries and the high efficiency in calculating transient flows. For the operational reliability and efficiency of pumps and pump systems, the incoming flow conditions are crucial. Since the efficiency and reliability requirements of pumps are rising and must be guaranteed by the pump and plant manufacturer, the flow conditions in pump intakes need to be evaluated during plant design. Recent trends show that pump intakes are built more and more compact, what makes the flow in the intake even more complex and holds a higher risk for unacceptable pump inflow conditions. In this contribution, a numerical scheme for the simulation of pump intake flows based on a lattice Boltzmann-large eddy simulation (LES) approach is presented and the ability of the method to capture the flow phenomena in intake flows is analyzed. Special attention is turned to the potential of the numerical scheme to reproduce the transient vortex behavior of intake flows, which results in a very complex flow structure and is challenging to model numerically.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Hecker, G., 1987, “Swirling Flow Problems at Intakes,” IAHR Design Manual, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Kirst, K., and Hellmann, D.-H., 2010, “Optimization of Approach Flow Conditions of Vertical Pumping Systems by Computational Analysis and Physical Model Investigation,” ASME 2010 3rd Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting Collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, Montreal, QC, Canada, Aug. 1–5, pp. 249–258.
Constantinescu, G., and Patel, V., 1998, “Numerical Model for Simulation of Pump-Intake Flow and Vortices,” J. Hydraul. Eng., 124(2), pp. 123–134. [CrossRef]
ANSI, 1998, “American National Standard for Intake Design for Rotodynamic Pumps,” Paper No. ANSI/HI 9.8.
Prosser, M., 1977, The Hydraulic Design of Pump Sumps and Intakes, British Hydromechanics Research Association, London, UK.
Padmanabhan, M., 1987, “Swirling Flow Problems at Intakes,” IAHR Design Manual, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Tagomori, M., and Gotoch, M., 1989, “Flow Patterns and Vortices in Pump-Sumps,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Large Hydraulic Machinery, China Press, Beijing, China, May 28–31, pp. 13–22.
Constantinescu, G., and Patel, V., 2000, “Role of Turbulence Model in Prediction of Pump-Bay Vortices,” J. Hydraul. Eng., 126(5), pp. 387–391. [CrossRef]
Tang, X. L., Wang, F. J., Li, Y. J., Cong, G. H., Shi, X. Y., Wu, Y. L., and Qi, L. Y., 2011, “Numerical Investigations of Vortex Flows and Vortex Suppression Schemes in a Large Pumping-Station Sump,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C, 225(6), pp. 1459–1480. [CrossRef]
Okamura, T., Kamemoto, K., and Matsui, J., 2007, “CFD Prediction and Model Experiment on Suction Vortices in Pump Sump,” Proceedings of the 9th Asian International Conference on Fluid Machinery, Jeju, Korea, Oct. 16–19, Paper No. AICFM9-053.
Lucino, C., and Gonzalo Dur, S., 2010, “Vortex Detection in Pump Sumps by Means of CFD,” XXIV Latin American Congress on Hydraulics, Punta Del Este, Uruguay, Nov. 21–25.
Tokyay, T., and Constantinescu, S., 2006, “Validation of a Large-Eddy Simulation Model to Simulate Flow in Pump Intakes of Realistic Geometry,” J. Hydraul. Eng., 132(12), pp. 1303–1315. [CrossRef]
Succi, S., 2001, The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: for Fluid Dynamics and Beyond, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
Bhatnagar, P. L., Gross, E. P., and Krook, M., 1954, “A Model for Collison Processes in Gases,” Phys. Rev., 94(3), pp. 511–525. [CrossRef]
d'Humières, D., Ginzburg, I., Krafczyk, M., Lallemand, P., and Luo, L.-S., 2002, “Multiple-Relaxation-Time Lattice Boltzmann Models in Three Dimensions,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. A, 360(1792), pp. 437–451. [CrossRef]
Teixeira, C. M., 1998, “Incorporating Turbulence Models Into the Lattice-Boltzmann Method,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. C, 9(8), pp. 1159–1175. [CrossRef]
Hou, S., Sterling, J., Chen, S., and Doolen, G., 1996, “A Lattice Boltzmann Subgrid Model for High Reynolds Number Flows,” Pattern Formation and Lattice Gas Automata, Providence, RI, pp. 151–166.
Smagorinsky, J., 1963, “General Circulation Experiments With the Primitive Equations,” Mon. Weather Rev., 91(3), pp. 99–164. [CrossRef]
Marié, S., Ricot, D., and Sagaut, P., 2009, “Comparison Between Lattice Boltzmann Method and Navier–Stokes High Order Schemes for Computational Aeroacoustics,” J. Comput. Phys., 228(4), pp. 1056–1070. [CrossRef]
Bouzidi, M., Firdaouss, M., and Lallemand, P., 2001, “Momentum Transfer of a Boltzmann-Lattice Fluid With Boundaries,” Phys. Fluids, 13(11), pp. 3452–3459. [CrossRef]
Mei, R., Luo, L.-S., and Shyy, W., 1999, “An Accurate Curved Boundary Treatment in the Lattice Boltzmann Method,” J. Comput. Phys., 155(2), pp. 307–330. [CrossRef]
Guo, Z., Zheng, C., and Baochang, S., 2002, “Discrete Lattice Effects on the Forcing Term in the Lattice Boltzmann Method,” Phys. Rev. E, 65(4), p. 046308. [CrossRef]
Guo, Z., Zheng, C., and Shi, B., 2008, “Lattice Boltzmann Equation With Multiple Effective Relaxation Times for Gaseous Microscale Flow,” Phys. Rev. E, 77(3), p. 036707. [CrossRef]
Conrad, D., Schneider, A., and Böhle, M., 2013, “Numerical Investigation of an Extended Propeller Viscosimeter by Means of Lattice Boltzmann Methods,” ASME Paper No. FEDSM2013-16361. [CrossRef]
Jiménez, J., and Moin, P., 1991, “The Minimal Flow Unit in Near-Wall Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech., 225, pp. 213–240. [CrossRef]
Kim, J., Moin, P., and Moser, R., 1987, “Turbulence Statistics in Fully Developed Channel Flow at Low Reynolds Number,” J. Fluid Mech., 177, pp. 133–166. [CrossRef]
Moser, R. D., Kim, J., and Mansour, N. N., 1999, “Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Channel Flow up to Reτ = 590,” Phys. Fluids, 11(4), pp. 943–945. [CrossRef]
Piomelli, U., 1993, “High Reynolds Number Calculations Using the Dynamic Subgrid-Scale Stress Model,” Phys. Fluids A, 5(6), pp. 1484–1490. [CrossRef]
Premnath, K. N., Pattison, M. J., and Banerjee, S., 2009, “Dynamic Subgrid Scale Modeling of Turbulent Flows Using Lattice-Boltzmann Method,” Physica A, 388(13), pp. 2640–2658. [CrossRef]
Jarrin, N., Benhamadouche, S., Laurence, D., and Prosser, R., 2006, “A Synthetic-Eddy-Method for Generating Inflow Conditions for Large-Eddy Simulations,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 27(4), pp. 585–593. [CrossRef]
Ansar, M., Nakato, T., and Constantinescu, G., 2002, “Numerical Simulations of Inviscid Three-Dimensional Flows at Single- and Dual-Pump Intakes,” J. Hydraul. Res., 40(4), pp. 461–470. [CrossRef]
Gant, S. E., 2010, “Reliability Issues of LES-Related Approaches in an Industrial Context,” Flow, Turbul. Combust., 84(2), pp. 325–335. [CrossRef]
Lesieur, M., 2008, Turbulence in Fluids, Vol. 84, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Pump intake geometry and main geometrical parameter

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Classification of free surface vortices [2]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Classification of subsurface vortices [2]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Fluid domain for turbulent channel flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Sectional view of the mesh

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Mean velocity profile

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Velocity fluctuation profiles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Meandering and intermittency of free surface vortex at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Comparison of free surface vortex locations at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Time averaged vortex structures: Q-criterion at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Time averaged surface streamlines at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

PIV measurement line

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Comparison of x-velocity component at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Comparison of y-velocity component at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Comparison of z-velocity component at OP1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Comparison of x-velocity component for all operating points

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Comparison of y-velocity component for all operating points

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 19

Comparison of z-velocity component for all operating points



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In