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Research Papers: Multiphase Flows

Numerical Investigation on Multiphase Erosion-Corrosion Problem of Steel of Apparatus at a Well Outlet in Natural Gas Production

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhang Jianwen

Lab of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer and IGCIT,
Beijing Key Laboratory of
Membrane Science and Technology,
Beijing University of Chemical Technology,
Beijing 100029, China
e-mail: zhangjw@mail.buct.edu.cn

Jiang Aiguo

Lab of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer and IGCIT,
Beijing University of Chemical Technology,
Beijing 100029, China
e-mail: 15601330600@163.com

Xin Yanan

Lab of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer and IGCIT,
Beijing University of Chemical Technology,
Beijing 100029, China
e-mail: 917031125@163.com

He Jianyun

Lab of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer and IGCIT,
Beijing University of Chemical Technology,
Beijing 100029, China
e-mail: jianyunhe@mail.buct.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received December 25, 2016; final manuscript received May 26, 2018; published online June 26, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Samuel Paolucci.

J. Fluids Eng 140(12), 121301 (Jun 26, 2018) (15 pages) Paper No: FE-16-1848; doi: 10.1115/1.4040445 History: Received December 25, 2016; Revised May 26, 2018

The erosion-corrosion problem of gas well pipeline under gas–liquid two-phase fluid flow is crucial for the natural gas well production, where multiphase transport phenomena expose great influences on the feature of erosion-corrosion. A Eulerian–Eulerian two-fluid flow model is applied to deal with the three-dimensional gas–liquid two-phase erosion-corrosion problem and the chemical corrosion effects of the liquid droplets dissolved with CO2 on the wall are taken into consideration. The amount of erosion and chemical corrosion is predicted. The erosion-corrosion feature at different parts including expansion, contraction, step, screw sections, and bends along the well pipeline is numerically studied in detail. For dilute droplet flow, the interaction between flexible water droplets and pipeline walls under different operations is treated by different correlations according to the liquid droplet Reynolds numbers. An erosion-corrosion model is set up to address the local corrosion and erosion induced by the droplets impinging on the pipe surfaces. Three typical cases are studied and the mechanism of erosion-corrosion for different positions is investigated. It is explored by the numerical simulation that the erosion-corrosion changes with the practical production conditions: Under lower production rate, chemical corrosion is the main cause for erosion-corrosion; under higher production rate, erosion predominates greatly; and under very high production rate, erosion becomes the main cause. It is clarified that the parts including connection site of oil pipe, oil pipe set, and valve are the places where erosion-corrosion origins and becomes serious. The failure mechanism is explored and good comparison with field measurement is achieved.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Tubing hanger after disruption

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Fig. 2

Tubing coupling after disruption

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Fig. 3

Status of the bend after disruption

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Fig. 4

Illustration of corrosion reaction between the water droplet saturated with CO2 and the metal surface

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Fig. 5

Schematic show of H2O–CO2 aqueous reaction

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Fig. 6

F(α) for ductile and brittle materials

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Fig. 7

Illustration of the positions of the gas well apparatus

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Fig. 8

Validation of grid independence

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Fig. 9

Validation of grid independence in erosion amount

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Fig. 10

Validation of grid independence in corrosion amount

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Fig. 11

Velocity distribution of liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 12

Velocity distribution of gas phase

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Fig. 13

Distribution of the volume fraction of the liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 14

Velocity vector of liquid droplet in well pipe-pipe joint

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Fig. 15

Velocity vector of liquid droplet in well pipe gas-well pipe sleeve

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Fig. 16

Velocity vector of liquid droplet at the bend

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Fig. 17

Velocity of liquid droplet in component of well pipe-pipe joint

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Fig. 18

Velocity of liquid droplet in component of well pipe gas-well pipe sleeve

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Fig. 19

Velocity of liquid droplet at component of the bend

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Fig. 20

Distribution of the volume fraction of the liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 21

Distribution of the turbulent kinetic energy of the liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 22

Distribution of velocity of the liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 23

Amount of erosion along well outlet apparatus

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Fig. 24

Amount of corrosion along well outlet apparatus

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Fig. 25

Distribution of volume fraction of droplet

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Fig. 26

Distribution of the turbulent kinetic energy of the liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 27

Velocity distribution of liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 28

Amount of erosion along well outlet apparatus

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Fig. 29

Amount of corrosion along well outlet apparatus

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Fig. 30

Distribution of liquid droplet

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Fig. 31

Distribution of the turbulent kinetic energy of the liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 32

Mass flux distribution of liquid droplet phase

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Fig. 33

Amount of erosion along well outlet apparatus

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Fig. 34

Amount of corrosion along well outlet apparatus

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Fig. 35

Annual corrosion rate under three working conditions and actual corrosion amount at tubing hanging

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