Research Papers

Friction and Wear of Metals to 1000 C

[+] Author and Article Information
E. P. Kingsbury, E. Rabinowicz

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

J. Basic Eng 81(2), 118-121 (Jun 01, 1959) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4008386 History: Received July 15, 1958; Published June 01, 1959; Online February 20, 2019


Sliding experiments using mainly the metals zinc, copper, titanium, and 1020 steel were carried out on a pin-on-disk friction apparatus incorporated in a metallurgical furnace. At room temperatures the results with steel, but not with the other metals, depended markedly on the atmospheric moisture content. As temperatures were raised to 400 C the friction and wear rate of the steel reached a maximum at 100 C and then diminished, while with the other metals the friction remained constant and the wear rate increased. These and other results are discussed in terms of the W/p ratio for the metals, W being the surface energy and p the hardness. It is postulated that materials with low W/p ratios should have favorable friction properties at high temperatures.

Copyright © 1959 by ASME
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