TY - JOUR
T1 - Response of Backflow to Flow Rate Fluctuations
PB - ASME
AU - Qiao, Xiangyu
AU - Horiguchi, Hironori
AU - Tsujimoto, Yoshinobu
Y1 - 2006/08/31
N1 - 10.1115/1.2427081
JO - Journal of Fluids Engineering
SP - 350
EP - 358
VL - 129
IS - 3
N2 - The response of backflow at the inlet of an inducer to the flow rate fluctuation is studied by using three-dimensional numerical calculations based on the k-ϵ turbulence model for the discussion of its effect on cavitation instabilities. It is first shown that the size of the backflow region can be correlated with the angular momentum in the upstream and the phase of the backflow significantly delays behind the quasi-steady response even at a very low frequency. It is then shown that the conservation relation of angular momentum is satisfied with minor effects of the shear stress on the boundary. The supply of the angular momentum by the negative flow is shown to be quasi-steady due to the fact that the pressure difference across the blade causing the backflow is quasi-steady at those frequencies examined. A response function of the angular momentum in the upstream to flow rate fluctuation is derived from the balance of the angular momentum and the results of the numerical calculations. This clearly shows that the backflow responds to the flow rate fluctuation as a first-order lag element. The effects of the backflow cavitation on cavitation instabilities are discussed assuming that the delay of cavity development is much smaller than the delay of the backflow. It was found that the backflow cavitation would destabilize low frequency disturbances due to the effects of the positive mass flow gain factor but stabilize high frequency disturbances due to the effect of the cavitation compliance.
SN - 0098-2202
M3 - doi: 10.1115/1.2427081
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2427081
ER -