Microbubbles are broadly used as ultrasound contrast agents. In this paper we use a low-cost flow focusing microchannel fabrication method for preparing microbubble contrast agents by using some surface active agents and a viscosity enhancing material to obtain appropriate microbubbles with desired lifetime and stability for any in vitro infusion for velocity measurement. All the five parameters that govern the bubble size extract and some efforts are done to achieve the smallest bubbles by adding suitable surfactant concentrations. By using these microbubbles for the echo-particle image velocimetry method, we experimentally determine the velocity field of steady state and pulsatile pipe flows.
An Experimental Review on Microbubble Generation to be Used in Echo-Particle Image Velocimetry Method to Determine the Pipe Flow Velocity
Manuscript received April 26, 2012; final manuscript received December 2, 2012; published online February 22, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Peter Vorobieff.
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Salari, A., Shafii, M. B., and Shirani, S. (February 22, 2013). "An Experimental Review on Microbubble Generation to be Used in Echo-Particle Image Velocimetry Method to Determine the Pipe Flow Velocity." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 2013; 135(3): 034501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4023406
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