Abstract

In order to develop an appropriate knowledge to support the SUJB (State Office of Nuclear Safety), the CVR (Research Centre Rež), in collaboration with SURO (National Radiation Protection Institute) is developing a methodology to simulate nuclear power plants under accidental conditions. A particular effort is focused in the severe accident phenomenology where hydrogen deflagration carries a critical issue for the containment integrity, such as Fukushima Daiichi accident. For this purpose, THAI (Thermal-hydraulics, hydrogen, aerosol and iodine) experimental campaigns are chosen due to the several tests involved in different conditions. THAI containment test facility is used to open questions concerning the behaviour of hydrogen, iodine and aerosols in the containment of water-cooled reactors during severe accidents.

The Fukushima Daiichi Accident demonstrates that the hydrogen deflagration could lead to a significant containment damage. For this reason, a particular attention is given to the hydrogen deflagration scenario. All simulations are prepared and modelled in MELCOR 2.1.

The results obtained showed a strong influence related with some factors as: the nodalization pattern, control volume number (CV), flow paths number FP and time step. In order to assess the THAI model with the THAI final reports, a sensitivity analysis focused with those parameters was performed.

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