This paper investigates ratcheting behavior of SS316 L thin-walled steel pipes subjected to cyclic internal pressure experimentally and numerically. Numerical simulations were performed using abaqus software, and nonlinear isotropic/kinematic hardening model. According to experimentations, it was found that the ratcheting strain is only significant in the hoop direction of a pipe subjected to cyclic internal pressure. The effects of pressure amplitude and mean pressure on ratcheting behavior of thin walled pipe in hoop direction were studied experimentally and numerically, and it was observed that increasing the pressure amplitude and mean pressure increased the percentage of ratcheting strain. Another important point about the results was the dominance of pressure amplitude on mean pressure. The results showed that at higher mean pressures the effect of pressure amplitude on increasing the percentage of ratcheting strain was greater. Finally, the experimental and numerical results were in good agreement.