Abstract

The heating furnace is an essential oilfield facility for surface gathering, treatment, and transportation, so the energy consumption level of an oilfield is directly affected by its operational efficiency. In this paper, the thermal efficiency, exhaust gas temperature, external surface temperature, excess air coefficient, and load rate of a heating furnace are taken as energy efficiency evaluation indexes. By improving game theory, the objective and subjective weights are combined to determine the final weights of each index. On this basis, the grey TOPSIS method is used to establish the energy efficiency evaluation model of an oilfield heating furnace, which is to comprehensively evaluate the energy consumption of the heating furnace by calculating the closeness degree between its actual and ideal operational states. Finally, the effectiveness of the energy efficiency evaluation model is verified by taking an actual oilfield as an example, the results show that the weight sequence of the indexes is thermal efficiency, exhaust gas temperature, external surface temperature, load rate, and excess air coefficient. In addition, the relative closeness of the heating furnace is mostly concentrated between 0.5 and 0.7, which shows that the efficiency is low. The weak link of energy consumption is analyzed, and the corresponding improvement measures are put forward.

References

References
1.
Shupeng
,
Y.
,
Yuxing
,
L.
,
Wuchang
,
W.
,
Guangchun
,
S.
,
Zhizhao
,
Z.
,
Xiaoyu
,
W.
, and
Shuai
,
L.
,
2019
, “
Types and Development Trend of Common Heating Furnaces in Oil and Gas Fields
,”
Surf. Eng. Oil Gas Fields
,
38
(
S1
), pp.
18
23
.
2.
Xiuli
,
Y.
,
Xiaofeng
,
H.
,
Weibo
,
Z.
,
Na
,
f.
, and
Xiaolei
,
L.
,
2016
, “
Analysis on the Operation Status and Energy Saving Potential of Oil Field Heating Furnace
,”
Energy Sav. Pet. Petrochem.
,
6
(
9
), pp.
26
28
.
3.
Hua
,
Z.
,
2006
, “
Research and Development of Expert System for Heating Furnace
,”
Master thesis
,
Zhejiang University
,
Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province
.
4.
Xiujuan
,
L.
,
2011
, “
Comprehensive Evaluation of Energy Saving Operation of Oil Field Heating Furnace
,”
Master thesis
,
Northeast Petroleum University
,
Daqing, Heilongjiang Province
.
5.
Lee
,
C. L.
, and
Jou
,
C. J. G.
,
2013
, “
Improving Furnace Energy Efficiency Through Adjustment of Damper Angle
,”
Int. J. Hydrogen Energy
,
38
(
5
), pp.
2504
2509
. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.043
6.
Lidong
,
M.
,
2018
, “
Research on Energy Efficiency Management of Oil Field Heating Furnace Based on Life Cycle
,”
Master thesis
,
Lanzhou Jiaotong University
,
Lanzhou, Gansu Province
.
7.
Meng
,
D.
,
Shao
,
C.
, and
Zhu
,
L.
,
2018
, “
Ethylene Cracking Furnace TOPSIS Energy Efficiency Evaluation Method Based on Dynamic Energy Efficiency Baselines
,”
Energy
,
156
(
1
), pp.
620
634
. 10.1016/j.energy.2018.05.088
8.
Haifen
,
Y.
,
Liangjie
,
Y.
,
Weixing
,
W.
, and
Wuning
,
C.
,
2016
, “
Study on the Establishment of Monitoring and Evaluation Standards for Energy Conservation of Gas Field Heating Furnace
,”
Pet. Ind. Tech. Superv.
,
32
(
6
), pp.
27
31
.
9.
Zhongbao
,
L.
,
2012
, “
Some Understandings on the Thermal Efficiency Test of Heating Furnace
,”
Contemp. Chem. Ind.
,
41
(
1
), pp.
83
84
. 10.13840/j.cnki.cn21-1457/tq.2012.01.030
10.
Xu
,
H. T.
,
Liao
,
X. W.
,
Qu
,
Z. G.
,
Li
,
Y. Z.
, and
Chen
,
J.
,
2017
, “
Experimental Study of the Effect of a Radiant Tube on the Temperature Distribution in a Horizontal Heating Furnace
,”
Appl. Therm. Eng.
,
113
(
2
), pp.
1
7
. 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.10.208
11.
Guilin
,
H.
, and
Xiulu
,
W.
,
2019
, “
Risk Assessment of PPP Shed Reform Project Based on Combination Weighting Method
,”
J. Civil Eng. Manage.
,
36
(
4
), pp.
40
46
. 10.13579/j.cnki.2095-0985.2019.04.007
12.
Liu
,
H. C.
,
You
,
J. X.
,
You
,
X. Y.
, and
Shan
,
M.-M.
,
2015
, “
A Novel Approach for Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Using Combination Weighting and Fuzzy VIKOR Method
,”
Appl. Soft Comput.
,
28
(
1
), pp.
579
588
. 10.1016/j.asoc.2014.11.036
13.
Huijun
,
S.
,
2009
, “
Discussion on the Classification of Weights and Weighting Methods
,”
J. Northeast Univ. Finance Econ.
,
11
(
4
), pp.
3
7
. 10.19653/j.cnki.dbcjdxxb.2009.04.001
14.
Li
,
C.
,
Qin
,
J.
,
Li
,
J.
, and
Hou
,
Q.
,
2016
, “
The Accident Early Warning System for Iron and Steel Enterprises Based on Combination Weighting and Grey Prediction Model GM (1, 1)
,”
Saf. Sci.
,
89
(
11
), pp.
19
27
. 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.05.015
15.
LAN
,
M.
,
Xuefeng
,
Z.
,
Zhenguang
,
W.
, and
qingxun
,
T.
,
2015
, “
Application Status and Efficiency Improvement Technology Direction of Oil Field Heating Furnace
,”
Energy Sav. Pet. Petrochem.
,
5
(
4
), pp.
33
35
.
16.
Qinglin
,
C.
,
Xiujuan
,
L.
, and
Zhaoyun
,
W.
,
2011
, “
Grey Correlation Comprehensive Evaluation of Energy Saving Operation of Oil Field Heating Furnace
,”
Sci. Technol. Eng.
,
11
(
24
), pp.
5941
5945
.
17.
Qiang
,
M.
,
2017
, “
Experimental Study on the Influence Trend of Furnace Load Rate on Thermal Efficiency
,”
Energy Sav. Pet. Petrochem.
,
7
(
6
), pp.
5
8
.
18.
Weiguang
,
W.
,
2014
, “
Analysis on Improving Operation Efficiency of Heating Furnace
,”
Chem. Eng. Equip.
,
43
(
4
), pp.
147
150
.
19.
Yang
,
X.
,
Wang
,
X.
, and
Cao
,
Y.
,
2019
, “
Study on Selection of Mobile Flood Control System Based on Entropy Weight TOPSIS Method
,”
Value Engineering
,
38
(
5
), pp.
30
33
. 10.14018/j.cnki.cn13-1085/n.2019.05.010
20.
Aihua
,
L.
,
2017
, “
Study on Safety Evaluation Method of Quayside Container Crane
,”
Master thesis
,
Wuhan University of Technology
,
Wuhan, Hubei Province
.
21.
Zhanglin
,
P.
,
2015
, “
Research on Relevant Issues and Methods in the Process of Comprehensive Evaluation
,”
Master thesis
,
Hefei Polytechnic University
,
Hefei, Anhui Province
.
22.
Yajun
,
G.
,
2002
,
Theory and Method of Comprehensive Evaluation
,
Science Press
,
Beijing
, Chap. 4.
23.
Jialiang
,
C.
,
2003
, “
Research on the Evaluation Method of Combination Weighting Based on Game Theory
,”
Fujian Comput.
,
19
(
9
), pp.
15
16
.
24.
Steinboeck
,
A.
,
Wild
,
D.
, and
Kugi
,
A.
,
2013
, “
Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of a Continuous Slab Reheating Furnace
,”
Control Eng. Pract.
,
21
(
4
), pp.
495
508
. 10.1016/j.conengprac.2012.11.012
25.
Zhang
,
Q.
,
Zhao
,
X.
,
Lu
,
H.
,
Ni
,
T.
, and
Li
,
Y.
,
2017
, “
Waste Energy Recovery and Energy Efficiency Improvement in China’s Iron and Steel Industry
,”
Appl. Energy
,
191
(
4
), pp.
502
520
. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.01.072
26.
Huayi
,
J.
,
2010
,
Oil Pipeline Design and Management
,
Petroleum Industry Press
,
Beijing
, Chap. 3.
27.
Jouhara
,
H.
,
Khordehgah
,
N.
,
Almahmoud
,
S.
,
Delpech
,
B.
,
Chauhan
,
A.
, and
Tassou
,
S. A.
,
2018
, “
Waste Heat Recovery Technologies and Applications
,”
Therm. Sci. Eng. Prog.
,
6
(
6
), pp.
268
289
. 10.1016/j.tsep.2018.04.017
28.
Liu
,
X.
,
Chen
,
L.
,
Feng
,
H.
,
Qin
,
X.
, and
Sun
,
F.
,
2016
, “
Constructal Design of a Blast Furnace Iron-Making Process Based on Multi-Objective Optimization
,”
Energy
,
109
(
8
), pp.
137
151
. 10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.101
29.
Han
,
X.
,
Du
,
S.
,
Su
,
J.
,
Tian
,
H.
, and
Qu
,
B.
,
2014
, “
Energy Efficiency Evaluation Method of Rural Low-Voltage Distribution Network Based on Combination Weight Method
,”
Trans. Chin. Soc. Agric. Eng.
,
30
(
16
), pp.
195
202
. 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.16.026
30.
Hu
,
Y.
,
Tan
,
C. K.
,
Broughton
,
J.
, and
Roach
,
P. A.
,
2016
, “
Development of a First-Principles Hybrid Model for Large-Scale Reheating Furnaces
,”
Appl. Energy
,
173
(
7
), pp.
555
566
. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.04.011
You do not currently have access to this content.